Black pepper (scientific name: Piper nigrum), aka Kurokawa, is a branch of flowering pepper vine, its fruit in dried and usually use as a spice and seasoning. The same fruit or white pepper, red pepper and green pepper in the production of raw materials.
Black pepper is native to southern India, local and other tropical regions have extensive cultivation. Black pepper fruit will appear black when ripe red and contains a seed; dried fruit will be after 5 mm in diameter peppercorns drupe.
Piperine may enhance bioavailability of curcumin by 2000% in humans. Black Pepper Extract may enhance the pharmacokinetic parameters of resveratrol via inhibiting glucuronidation, thereby slowing its metabolism.
Black Pepper Extract has shown ‘anti-depression like activity’, and cognitive enhancing effects. Piperine has shown anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic effects in human interleukin-1beta-stimulated fibroblast-like synoviocytes. Piperine also possesses anti-angiogenic activities.